Pdf thrombocytopenia, defined as a platelet count of under 150 x 109l, is the second most. A low platelet count may be the initial manifestation of infections such as hiv and hepatitis c virus or it may re. With the widespread use of automated cell counters, clinicians in any field of medicine may encounter thrombocytopenia. Gestational thrombocytopenia low platelet count in pregnancy. Gestational thrombocytopaenia among pregnant women in lagos.
The percentage of nulliparous women, gestational age at delivery, date of diagnosis of thrombocytopenia, and delivery mode significantly differed between the patients in these 3 groups all p thrombocytopenia occurred significantly earlier in women with itp than in women with pat and pih p. Overall, about 75% of cases are due to gestational thrombocytopenia, 1520%. Gestational thrombocytopenia, also called incidental thrombocytopenia of pregnancy, is by far the most common cause of thrombocytopenia during pregnancy, and affects 511% of pregnant women. Dec 08, 2017 thrombocytopenia develops in 5% to 10% of women during pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period. Gestational thrombocytopenia definition of gestational. Prevalence of gestational thrombocytopenia and its effect on. Introduction thrombocytopenia is the second most common blood disorder in pregnancy. Thrombocytopenia is a platelet count below the normal range thrombocytopenia is a condition in which you have a low blood platelet count. Platelets thrombocytes are colorless blood cells that help blood clot. Gestational thrombocytopenia article about gestational.
Thrombocytopenia develops in 5% to 10% of women during pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period. Spurious result reduced platelets on automated coulter counter platelet clumping or misreading of large immature platelets as red cells 2. A practical approach to evaluation and management sudhir s. Gestational thrombocytopenia accounts for almost threefourths. Other newborn heavy or largefordates regardless of period of gestation. Sign up to receive free emails and track your babys development. Results of the third us national health and nutrition examination survey nhanes iii support the traditional value of 150.
A low platelet count is often an incidental feature, but it might also provide a biomarker of a coexisting systemic or gestational disorder and a potential reason for a maternal intervention or treatment that might pose harm to the fetus. Thrombocytopenia is a common finding in normal pregnancy. I would take assessment of mild thrombocytopenia during pregnancy to be sufficiently diligent if the patient is symptom free, physical examination is normal, and the remainder of the blood counts and urine. Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy blood american society of. To access free multiple choice questions on this topic, click here. Pdf background gestational thrombocytopenia, also known as incidental thrombocytopenia of pregnancy, is the commonest. With the widespread use of automated cell counters, cli nicians in any field of medicine may encounter thrombocytopenia. Hello doctor, i am suffering from gestational thrombocytopenia.
The predictors, frequency, and consequences of fetal thrombocytopenia are not known. Although pregnancy is associated with physiological changes in. Gestational thrombocytopenia gt is the leading cause of thrombocytopenia during pregnancy. Thrombocytopaenia is a common haematologic abnormality during pregnancy. Thrombocytopenia occurs in 810% of all pregnancies. Aug 04, 2014 causes of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy spurious result reduced platelets on automated coulter counter because of platelet clumping or misreading of large immature platelets as red cells gestational thrombocytopenia itp pet and haemolysis, hellp syndrome dic sepsis haemolytic uraemic syndrome husthrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura ttp. Major causes of thrombocytopenia during pregnancy spurious, due to edtainduced platelet aggregation gestational thrombocytopenia preeclampsiaeclampsia, including hellp syndrome autoimmune thrombocytopenia idiopathic or related to drugs, systemic lupus erythematosus, antiphospholipid antibodies, or hiv. As mentioned previously, the absence of antiplatelet antibodies in maternal plasma is a strong negative indication to help confirm the diagnosis of benign gestational thrombocytopenia. Guidelines published by organizations or institutions such as the. Thrombocytopenia knowledge for medical students and physicians.
Severity of thrombocytopenia can be subdivided into 3 main groups, platelet count between 100,000 to 150,000microl are defined as mild thrombocytopenia, platelet count between 50,000 to 99,000micro as moderate thrombocytopenia and thrombocytopenia, with a risk of bleeding problems 2. The normal amount of platelets is usually between 150,000 and 450,000. Thrombocytopenia is a platelet count below the normal range case report. Incidental or gestational thrombocytopenia in pregnancy is characterized by mild or moderate thrombocytopenia. It affects about one pregnant woman in 10 and usually develops in mid to late pregnancy. Thrombocytopenia in smallforgestationalage infants.
Neonatal thrombocytopenia due to exchange transfusion. Thrombocytopenia definition thrombocytopenia is an abnormal drop in the number of blood cells involved in forming blood clots. Original article thrombocytopenia during pregnancy and. The current international guidelines on the management of itp. Nov 23, 2017 thrombocytopenia develops in 5% to 10% of women during pregnancy or in the immediate postpartum period. Clinical relevance of gestational thrombocytopenia of 70,000 no history of thrombocytopenia bleeding later in gestation not associated with fetal thrombocytopenia resolves spontaneously post partum. Thrombocytopenia presenting in the first 72 hours of life is usually secondary to placental insufficiency and caused by reduced platelet production. Gestational thrombocytopenia is the commonest cause of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy 75% of cases, and is not associated with any adverse events for either mother or baby mccrae et al, 1992. Jan, 2017 gestational thrombocytopenia 10% of pregnancies 80% of all cases of thrombocytopenia mild thrombocytopenia 70,000 no history of thrombocytopenia bleeding later in gestation not associated with fetal thrombocytopenia resolves spontaneously post partum. Gestational thrombocytopenia gt is commonly observed in pregnancies with otherwise limited obstetric and hematologic complications. From a practical standpoint, the current guidelines consider that vaginal delivery is safe when platelet count is higher then 30. Journal of chemical and pharmaceutical research, 2016, 82. Mar 30, 2020 gestational thrombocytopenia is a low platelet count in pregnancy that is usually benign.
It occurs in up to 5% to 8% of pregnant women and accounts for more than 70% of maternal thrombocy. Thrombocytopenia knowledge for medical students and. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. Find out information about gestational thrombocytopenia. Dec 08, 2012 thrombocytopenia is defined as a platelet count below the 2.
Maternal thrombocytopenia in pregnancy usha perepu, mbbs 1 lori rosenstein, md 1 keywords. Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy with different diagnoses. Ppt thrombocytopenia in pregnancy powerpoint presentation. Pregnant women with thrombocytopenia have a higher risk of bleeding excessively during or after childbirth, particularly if they need to have a caesarean section or other surgical intervention during pregnancy, labour or in the puperium. This recommendation is reasonable, but i would take assessment of mild thrombocytopenia during pregnancy to be sufficiently diligent if the patient is symptom free, physical examination is normal, and the remainder of the blood counts and urine analysis are normal. Primary immune thrombocytopenia in adults belgian hematology. Background neonates with severe thrombocytopenia can have bleeding leading to death or lifelong residual defects. It is a benign condition usually found incidentally later in.
Clinical relevance of gestational thrombocytopenia of thrombocytopenia and ttp, and the risk of fetal death, in upshawschulman syndrome. Fetal thrombocytopenia and its relation to maternal. Thrombocytopenia might occur as a result of a bone marrow disorder such as leukemia or an immune system problem. Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy david marinoff, md march 10,2010 how dinosaurs became extinct platelets, or thrombocytes from greek clot and. A low platelet count is often an incidental feature, but it might also provide a biomarker of a coexisting systemic or gestational disorder and a potential. The prevalence of thrombocytopenia due to severe preeclampsia and hellp syndrome in the study group was 18. Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy occurs either due to obstetric conditions like gestational thrombocytopenia. Although the cause is unknown, it should be carefully discriminated from other more serious causes of thrombocytopenia 3. The patient had visible bruises and haematomas on the skin of her body and arms, approximately 10, 35 cm in diameter.
C 9, 37 gestational thrombocytopenia is common and does not pose a risk to the fetus or mother. However, most guidelines suggest a minimum platelet count of 80. Thrombocytopenia is common among smallforgestationalage sga neonates birth weight gestational thrombocytopenia. Neonatal thrombocytopenia is a common clinical problem. Thrombocytopenia presenting after 72 hours of age is usually secondary to sepsis or necrotising enterocolitis and is.
Gestational thrombocytopenia incidental thrombocytopenia of pregnancy box2shows the typical characteristics of this disorder,which is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy,occurring in approximately 75% of cases of thrombocytopenia and 8% of all pregnancies. Specific conditions causing thrombocytopenia in pregnancy and their management. Immune thrombocytopenia itp part of the bodys immune system is the production of antibodies which protect against infection and foreign substances. This is normal and platelets rarely fall below 80 x109l. Thrombocytopenia american academy of family physicians.
In contrast, other conditions, such as gestational thrombocytopenia, are. Thrombocytopenia pregnancy statpearls ncbi bookshelf. Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy american society of hematology. The condition of having an abnormally small number of platelets in the circulating blood. A pregnant woman aged 30 years was diagnosed with thrombocytopenia in the 38th week of gestation, and she was admitted to our hospital for delivery. Guideline for the management of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy. Gestational thrombocytopenia six out of a hundred women have low platelets in pregnancy. The symptomatology may vary greatly and the underlying cause. Maternity guidelines thrombocytopenia in pregnancy gl927. Howtoapproachthrombocytopenia robertostasi1 1departmentofhaematology,stgeorgeshospital,london,unitedkingdom thrombocytopenia is a common hematologic.
How to approach thrombocytopenia hematology american. Although gestational thrombocytopenia has been recognized for more than 25 years, 1 the course of platelet counts throughout pregnancy and the potential severity of gestational thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia during pregnancy prof aboubakr elnashar benha university hospital, egypt aboubakr elnashar. Jan 26, 2011 gestational thrombocytopenia incidental thrombocytopenia of pregnancy box 2 shows the typical characteristics of this disorder, which is the most common cause of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy, occurring in approximately 75% of cases of thrombocytopenia and 8% of all pregnancies. Mild gestational thrombocytopenia is relatively frequent during normal pregnancy and has generally no consequences for either the mother or the fetus. Clinical trials and observations, free research articles, platelets and. Platelets stop bleeding by clumping and forming plugs in blood vessel injuries. Description thrombocytopenia is a blood disease characterized by an abnormally low number of platelets in the bloodstream. Thrombocytopenia can result from a variety of physiologic or pathologic conditions, several of which are unique to pregnancy. Gestational thrombocytopenia is a low platelet count in pregnancy that is usually benign. Patients with benign gestational thrombocytopenia without a history of a prior pregnancy or transfusion would be expected not to have antiplatelet antibodies. Gestational thrombocytopaenia among pregnant women in.
However, few data are available on the natural history of the. Thrombocytopenia, defined as a platelet count of less than 150. Neonatal thrombocytopenia due to idiopathic maternal thrombocytopenia. It is the leading cause of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy and is not at all uncommon, although a patients obstetrician may request some additional testing to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other possible causes of a low platelet count. What foods can help cure gestational thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia in pregnancy myers 2009 the obstetrician.
Although with no real threat in the majority of patients, thrombocytopenia may result from a range of pathologic conditions requiring closer monitoring and possible therapy. However, there is so much conflicting information about what foods actually raise or decrease counts that i am really confused. In the past, these patients would go undetected and be spared unnecessary testing, procedures, or medications. Thrombocytopenia is defined as the drop in platelet count from the normal range of 150,000 400,000. Gestational incidental thrombocytopenia is a condition that commonly affects pregnant women. All antenatal women underwent complete hemogram with manual platelet count in the third trimester. Although its pathogenesis is uncertain, gestational thrombocytopenia may be a result of various processes, including hemodilution and enhanced clearance.455 713 676 1005 975 768 984 800 716 1266 895 879 890 372 1194 1235 1407 1572 924 356 77 144 771 462 775 916 1253 1394 674 636 882