As the republic progresses, the issue of justice is explored in detail. Intuitive virtue in plato, augustine, and gandhi digital commons. Indeed he doesnt trust mans animal instincts because he thinks they ruin society and lead to anarchy. The republic written by plato examines many things. This attitude would seem to lead to a kind of epistemic paralysis. There are any number of reasons for this, but one of them is the sheer breadth of topics and issues that plato introduces over the course of the dialogue.
About the book this book contains three plato dialogues. In some dialogues he is thought to beand probably isbased to some. It is known as a socratic dialogue and is perhaps one of plato s best known works. May 16, 2011 transfer the power from socrates to plato if you like. Within the perfect society there would have to be justice.
Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of the republic and what it means. For this reason, ancient readers used the name on justice as an alternative title 4. But plato never combined his economic ideas into a system, and never seems to have recognized that trade is one of the great motive powers of the state and of the world. The last subject, and also the origin of retail trade, is treated with admirable lucidity in the second book of the republic. For example, he says, beds, because they all look similar, are all known as beds. I examine 1 and 2 in gandhi through an analysis of his conception of the. Project muse the ideas and the criticism of poetry in. We have agreed, then, that the tales we teach the young will teach them to honor the gods. All you have is the abstract thoughtprocesses of socrates to keep you on track. Similarly hegel thought the idea of platos republic contained. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system. The republic is the granddaddy of the political philosophy tradition.
Book i is a prefiguration of the rest of the text, as are its interlocutors. Plato seems to believe that the perfect life is led only under perfect conditions which is the perfect society. Plato s the republic is one of the more widely read works of philosophy of all time. In what follows, i will offer a brief overview of understanding plato s republic and then will look at two passages where santass silence is most problematic, given his aim of explaining the republic s arguments about the nature and value of justice. Readers here should be sure to coordinate plato s remarks on poetry with the commentary in book 3, which constitutes the first phase of the discussion. In book two, socrates, thrasymachus and adeimantus decide to focus on a. Platos the republic is one of the more widely read works of philosophy of all time. He reiterates that while he is still content with having banished poetry from their state, he wishes to explain his reasons more thoroughly. It has been said that it may have taken place around the peloponnesian war 460 bc. The contrast between platos presentation of socrates encounters with young charmides and with old cephalus is a credit to plato as a writer with a twinkle in his eye. Assuming plato is a skillful dramatist and that there is purpose to every detail, what is the significance of this opening. The internet classics archive the republic by plato. Platos lie in the soul ancient history encyclopedia.
We must also note a difference in the object of analysis. The republic book 1 1 book 2 36 book 3 66 book 4 103 book 5 6 book 6 176 book 7 208 book 8 238 book 9 270 book 10 297 glossary of terms 327 glossary and index of names 330 general index 338 reeveplatorepub00fnt page vii friday, july 30, 2004 10. Ancient ethical theory stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Summary and analysis of book 10 of plato s republic. In these strange and unpredictable times i was drawn to plato s the republic for the first time in the hope that some wisdom might prevail. Start your 48hour free trial to unlock this platos republic. The republic study guide contains a biography of plato, literature essays, a complete etext, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a. Its going to be a challengeits a challenge for everybody since the republic is primarily a work of philosophy, there isnt much of a conventional plot to move you along. Transfer the power from socrates to plato if you like. Oct 06, 2014 the first book of platos republic is concerned with justice. Quite a few comments have been posted about the republic.
Where plato proposes that philosophy means broad analysis of the whole. This edition has a really helpful introduction section which goes through each of the books that make up platos republic. It asks the question why should people do good things. Book x of platos reputblic deals with aesthetic theory, the immortality of the soul, and the destiny of man. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. At the beginning of book 10, socrates returns to his frontal assault on the status and role of poetry in the ideal state. Plato attempts to answer such questions by noting a major. But common to the two texts is socrates approach to argument. In a surprising move, he banishes poets from the city. E translated by benjamin jowett book x socrates glaucon of the many excellences which i perceive in the order of our state, there is none which upon. Plato founded a school of philosophy known as the academy. In the tenth book of the republic he says that, whereas the artificer in making any material object imitates the eternal idea, an artist only imitates the imitation 595 a598 d.
May 31, 2007 buy the republic penguin classics 3rd by plato, melissa lane, h. Course hero literature instructor russell jaffe provides an indepth summary and analysis of book 10 of platos philosophical text the republic. Oct 21, 2015 summary and analysis of book 10 of plato s republic. The final book of the republic begins with socrates return to an earlier theme, that of imitative poetry. Before i get into the details of the republic by plato i need to stop and marvel at a couple of things. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Ready to call it a night, theyre intercepted by a whole gang of their acquaintances, who eventually convince them to come hang out at polemarchuss house and have a nice, long chat. The republic book 1 1 book 2 36 book 3 66 book 4 103 book 5 6 book 6 176 book 7 208 book 8 238 book 9 270 book 10 297 glossary of terms 327 glossary and index of names 330. I recommend to anyone who has little experience of philosophy or platos writing not to skip this section. A straussian reading can continue to call the republic s good city ironic even if it has to adapt to ferraris analysis by making the irony platos instead of socratess. Earlier in the dialogue, socrates suggested that certain kinds of music and poetry should not be permitted in the curriculum of study for the future rulers of the state because some art did not seem to be morally uplifting, hence perhaps bad for children. I cant vouch for this edition, compared with other existing publications but am forging ahead nonetheless in the hope that it is a decent version.
This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library. A straussian reading can continue to call the republic s good city ironic even if it has to adapt to ferraris analysis by making the irony plato s instead of socratess. Summary and analysis of book 10 of platos republic. The main theme is justice, both the just state and the just human being, and what an ideal state would be like, one ruled by not surprisingly autocratic philosophers. These dialogues are didactic, and conclusive in tone, e. Of course, reassurance that mental paralysis is quite normal does not. The first book of platos republic is concerned with justice. These illuminate the reader as to what to expect and give great insight into the concepts of the republic as a whole. This work is licensed under a creative commons attributionsharealike 3. He turns back to the postponed question concerning poetry about human beings.
One of plato s most famous works, which can be attributed to the lessons he learned from socrates, was the republic. One of platos most famous works, which can be attributed to the lessons he learned from socrates, was the republic. You must not circulate this book in any other binding or cover and you must. Also, a discussion of art, poetry, tragedy, and the just life. It is an example of how the republics epistemology, metaphysics, and psychology can be used to o. It is also devilishly difficult to truly understand. The republic book 6 lyrics socrates glaucon and thus, glaucon, after the argument has gone a weary way, the true and the false philosophers have at length appeared in view. Res publica is a socratic dialogue, authored by plato around 375 bc, concerning justice. It is known as a socratic dialogue and is perhaps one of platos best known works. This is also considered to be the first book on political. The title of platos work the republic is a literal translation of the greek title politeia, which simply referred to the affairs of the city state, and not to a republic in any modern sense. In terms of mythos, socrates has descended into hades to do battle for justice. Dec 01, 1988 book x of plato s reputblic deals with aesthetic theory, the immortality of the soul, and the destiny of man. In the republic it seems that justice is defined many different.
Socrates glaucon of he many excellences which i perceive in the order of our state, there is none which upon reflection pleases me better than the rule about. What is justice and why should one behave justly are two questions which socrates and his interlocutors attempt to answer. The republic simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He has three reasons for regarding the poets as unwholesome and dangerous. Platos character meno sums up one important strain of thought when he says that. The theme of the republic is very complicated in some ways, yet it comes together perfectly to formulate platos attitudes about society and government. Since the republic is primarily a work of philosophy, there isnt much of a conventional plot to move you along. There has been much debate over when the dialogue might have taken place. Socrates has now completed the main argument of the republic. The republic is undoubtedly one of platos masterworks and one of the most influential and widely read books in the history of philosophy.
The title of the discourse, the republic, is ironic in itself, since plato is adamantly opposed to democracy on any level. In book 5 of the republic, plato constructs his wellknown comparison between. The republic by plato, part of the internet classics archive. The republic book x summary and analysis gradesaver. The republic is a socratic dialogues, written by plato around 380 bce, concerning the definition of justice, the order and character of the just city state and the just man. To therejectionof imitativepoetry,whichcertainlyought not to be received. Socrates glaucon of he many excellences which i perceive in the order of our state. Its going to be a challengeits a challenge for everybody. Check out our revolutionary sidebyside summary and analysis. This student edition, first published in 1957, contains a substantial introduction including sections on historical background, socrates, plato and the republic as a whole.
Buy the republic penguin classics 3rd by plato, melissa lane, h. Plato said that people should not do bad things because people who do bad things end up unhappy. In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content the ideas and the criticism of poetry in platos republic, book 10 charles griswold one of the most frequently cited passages in plato that bears directly on the nature and number of ideas occurs at the start of the republic, book 10. The republic is a socratic dialogue written by plato somewhere around 380 bc. Plato begins the republic with the line i went down to the piraeus.
He begins to prove this by saying that normally, a person would give a unique form to each group of things. First, it is stunning to think that this work has been kicking around in the minds of the humans for thousands of years. We have agreed, then, that the tales we teach the young will teach them to honor the gods and their parents and to value friendship with one another. Our story begins as socrates and his friend glaucon head home from a festival. Santas presents the republic as a dialogue between three different accounts of justice. His line of thought raises questions such as, how do you know whether your most deeplyheld beliefs are valid or simply the result of your upbringing, culture, environment, and religion. Get a detailed summary and analysis of every chapter in the book from. It is a complex work, one that rambles due to the nature of it being a dialogue rather than a pure expository piece, but one with some interesting and applicable ideas within it nonetheless. Most of his works are written dialogues, many with socrates as the main character. Readers here should be sure to coordinate platos remarks on poetry with the commentary in book 3, which constitutes the first phase of the discussion as the discussion unfolds in book 10, it turns out socratess most forceful charge against poetry is it is. An xml version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer perseus any modifications you make. In book x, however, aristotle revisits the issue of virtuous activity. Socrates adeimantus last of all comes the tyrannical man. Having sorted out the classes in the soul, socrates now states that imitation must not be allowed in the city.1003 162 772 162 911 447 1144 706 91 526 1246 114 284 562 139 384 819 135 1052 1568 831 1511 531 1375 1359 628 1421 1675 285 1247 318 1401 600 401 61 687 10 860 260 389 975 869 1107 842 69 139 834 936